Intellectual property: strengthening the fight against counterfeiting and piracy, criminal measures aimed at ensuring the enforcement of rights (Direct. 2004/48/EC)
Apple unilaterally imposed the 99 cents per song fee by refusing - according to popular legend - to sign the terms offered by the major labels. [...] Artists, represented by music publishers, take home only around 6 cents from every 99 cents sale, with recording rights holders earning around 65 cents. So the brave new world of digital distribution has perpetuated the inequities of the old model, dashing a decade of hopes. It's a complicated picture because the major labels also own the major music publishers.